Beneteau First 40
The Farr-designed First 40 is the follow-up to Beneteau’s highly successful First 40.7, a boat that won a series of key international races and quickly established itself as a performer. Over the boat’s 11-year lifespan, Beneteau has sold more than 800 First 40.7s to customers around the globe. Launched in Europe a year ago, about 100 of these new 40-footers have already been sold, and the design scored first and second places under IRC in the most recent Rolex Sydney Hobart race. Right now the 40-foot market is probably even more competitive than it was when the 40.7 debuted, with a number of strong designs both on the racecourse and in the marketplace.
The First 40 is built in a similar way to the First 45 and the First 35, with the hull injection-molded in a closed mold using polyester resins, fiberglass and a balsa core. Injection allows good control of the hull weight and produces a strong, even laminate. A structural inner liner is bonded throughout to the hull, and all major loads are carried by a chassis of solid laminate moldings. The deck is balsa sandwich reinforced with unidirectional rovings.
There are two keel options: a shallow version that draws 6ft 4in and a lead cast-iron T-keel that draws 8ft. The T-keel weighs about 760lb less than the shallow one, has substantially less wetted surface and produces a significant performance advantage.
The hull shape is beamier, lower and sleeker than the 40.7’s. It is also a foot longer than the 40.7 with 25 percent more righting moment, thanks to a number of new build technologies that have lowered the center of gravity and reduced the overall hull weight.
Powerful stern sections are complemented by a generous, but shallow overhang aft that helps reduce the static, measured waterline and wetted surface area. Of course, as soon as the hull heels the effective waterline increases. The shorter waterline also brings the wheel forward, providing plenty of room aft for the helmsman and a tactician.
We test-sailed the boat not long after the model was launched, in Marseille, France. In light conditions, with 5-8 knots true wind, the boat moved nicely through the water, especially upwind where the feel from the rudder was extremely light and well balanced. With the T-keel, the boat feels similar to the First 10R, but is nowhere near as fidgety. Nonetheless, it is vital to build flow over the foils before looking for height upwind. On the racecourse, slow-speed mark roundings will benefit greatly from precise steering and careful coordination with the trimmers.
In 10-13 knots, the boat quickly fell into a groove, tracking nicely with a very light helm, thanks to the high-aspect rudder. It responded nicely and predictably to both the puffs and good sail trim. The boat thrives on correct twist control. With vang and mainsheet trim of prime importance, backstay tension is secondary.
In cruising mode, the First 40 seemed plenty stiff and safe enough to do all the work for the crew. Downwind with the kite, the boat was happy to soak low even in the lighter breeze, retaining a good feel on the helm. In 15-22 knots of breeze, it was a joy steering upwind, even with just three aboard as crew. A few inches of ease on the mainsheet was all it took to keep the boat on its feet. We made 6.7 knots and more with minimal effort and no weight on the rail. When pressed, the boat was happy to pinch high, feathering in the gusts with a precise, accurate feel from the rudder.
When the breeze built to 20-22 knots, the boat’s motion became something of an eye-opener. It had an almost unexpected urgency, and it was a pleasure helming her in among the waves and playing around with the sail plan. In every respect the boat was responsive with nice, smooth acceleration and a light, enjoyable helm.
The cockpit is excellent. Removable cockpit lockers can be left on the dock during racing, as can the transom seat. The simple A-frame wheel pedestal is neatly executed in cast steel, keeping the weight low. Below the helm there is a generous, liferaft-sized locker with excellent access to the steering quadrant. The overall balance between ergonomics for a racing crew and safety and comfort when cruising is excellent. Sail controls are all well placed.